This Toolkit is Module 2 of the Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development, prepared by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Ministry of Urban Development of India.
Oxford Economics, in cooperation with the Organization of American States (OAS), has published a report on the TIR System as an example of a best practice for facilitating intermodal transport in Latin American Countries.
The core principle behind the PPP is the creation of a contractual bubble – a framework of contracts.
Automated fare collection (AFC) systems are a key component of sustainable, high-quality urban transport services. This paper addresses the objectives, challenges and lessons learned from AFC schemes, with a particular focus on emerging markets and second-tier cities with limited resources.