This toolkit was prepared to assist public entities in the state of Maharashtra in India in developing public-private partnership (PPP) urban bus transport projects.
It addresses the growing worldwide interest in the use of light rail metro transit (LRMT) schemes to provide urban transport solutions and reviews the potential use of public-private partnership (PPP).
The core principle behind the PPP is the creation of a contractual bubble – a framework of contracts.
Automated fare collection (AFC) systems are a key component of sustainable, high-quality urban transport services. This paper addresses the objectives, challenges and lessons learned from AFC schemes, with a particular focus on emerging markets and second-tier cities with limited resources.
The purpose of these principles is to help government work with private sector partners to finance and bring to fruition projects in areas of vital economic importance, such as transport, water and power supply and telecommunications.
This policy outlook paper series is part of the Leadership Partner Program with the National Australia Bank.