The EIB adopted a revised transport lending policy on 13 December 2011, which sets the guiding principles and selection criteria that will reinforce the Bank's contribution to this sector.
Since its unveiling in October 2013, China’s Belt & Road Initiative (B&R) has promoted Eurasian trade and integration along the Silk Road Economic Belt and the Maritime Silk Road.
The Commission has developed this Resource Book, consisting of a set of case studies of PPPs in both Western and Central Europe and in various sectors including: Water and Wastewater Management, Solid Waste Management and Transport.
Automated fare collection (AFC) systems are a key component of sustainable, high-quality urban transport services. This paper addresses the objectives, challenges and lessons learned from AFC schemes, with a particular focus on emerging markets and second-tier cities with limited resources.