This handbook synthesises and disseminates knowledge to inform the planning, implementation, and operations of urban rail projects.
The IMF has compiled a suite of analysis, research, diagnostic tools, country reports, data sets, and other resources on the importance of public investment as a catalyst for economic growth.
The Guidance Note, developed by the GI Hub in collaboration with Cambridge Economic Policy Associates Limited (CEPA), identifies lessons learned from various existing NIBs in both emerging markets and high-income countries through 11 case studies which explore different NIBs that have existed from 1945.
The term of a public-private partnership (PPP) contract can exceed 20 or even 30 years. At the end of the term, the relevant private partner is often obligated to hand back the public asset in question (whether it be a road, an airport or a hospital) in a condition that meets the government procuring authority’s expectations.