This OECD paper provides a stocktake of investor practices and adoption of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) in their investment processes.
The guidelines and procedure for the formulation of the 2017-2022 Public Investment Program (PIP) provides a framework and process for the formulation of the PIP.
Infrastructure projects in the Netherlands, such as the construction of roads, bridges and tunnels, have become larger and more complex in recent years. This thesis is about these kinds of infrastructure projects, about the challenges and tensions that go with them, about how people experience them and how they look jointly for solutions, and how they succeed or sometimes fail.
This paper studies the joint decision to invest in such infrastructure, and retrofit it later, given that future climate damages are uncertain and follow a geometric Brownian motion process with positive drift.
This article to the debate on the spatial allocation of infrastructure investments by examining where these investments generate the highest economic return (‘spatial efficiency’), and identifying trade-offs when infrastructure coverage is made more equitable across regions (‘spatial equity’).
This map summarizes information on the connectivity of 67 important South Asian cities concerning infrastructure networks.