This paper studies the joint decision to invest in such infrastructure, and retrofit it later, given that future climate damages are uncertain and follow a geometric Brownian motion process with positive drift.
This paper will describe the challenges in integrating wind and solar generation, the lessons learned, and recommended strategies from both operating experience and integration studies.
This report provides a view on the Chongqing area and argues three dimensions of connectivity can be improved: physical (infrastructure) connectivity, digital connectivity, and economic integration with nearby areas, the report then provides a strategy on how to carry this out.
This report draws from interviews from coding bootcamps to understand why less women attend coding bootcamps, and strategy on how policy makers can achieve a higher ratio of women in these bootcamps.
This report provides an outline ending in 2015 of ASEAN connectivity, the report also outlines future challenges the Master Plan from 2015 on.
This guide outlines five steps in the context of achieving a knowledge exchange, (i) Anchor the knowledge exchange, (ii) Define the knowledge exchange, (iii) Design and develop the knowledge exchange, (iv) Implement the knowledge exchange, (v) report the results. Case studies from South America and Africa are discussed with reference to this guide.
This report analyzes the major transformational economic opportunities and challenges which include tourism, labor mobility, ICT, oceanic tuna fisheries, deep sea minerals, climate change and natural disasters, and non-communicable diseases in Pacific Island countries.
This brief argues that we require more technology rather than lesss in developing countries since technology creates opportunities (leapfrogging), to generate jobs, increase earnings and be more inclusive, even though the technology could be widening the income inequality gap.
This report looks at the nature of Variable Renewable Energy (VRE) and the resulting challenges associated with the integration of VRE technologies into a power system. It provides an overview of the measures available to limit and manage these challenges. This report highlights the importance of increased flexibility when integrating high levels of VRE, and focuses on two sets of options to provide such flexibility: natural gas-fired power generation technologies and energy storage.
This brief outlines some new technological solutions for energy storage in emerging markets
The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the main elements that should be taken into consideration when evaluating the potential for specific projects, it is important to give some indication of potential cost (capital and operating) of an LNG chain.
The performance of an urban road system can be defined according to different thematic areas such as traffic flow, accessibility, maintenance and safety, for which the scientific literature proposes different measurement indicators.
Emerging Trends in 2016 suggests the industry is now standing on the cusp of greater change.
Between September and October 2018, we gathered the views of 118 power and utility company executives from over 100 companies and 56 different countries or territories in Europe, the Americas, Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa.
Overall, the study has taken a broad approach to defining OA - going well beyond the minimalist notion of simply guaranteeing legal access to the grid for generators and wholesale buyers.
The efficiency of toll roads is important. Not just for tolling operators, but also for governments, investors and the driving public.
This book proposes a synthesis of several of the works carried out for the research program, as well as a comparison with other works treating a similar problem.
The objective of the Diagnostic is to provide strategic, customized advice to client countries so they can make informed decisions in determining an operational plan for their PPP program, the choice of public investment vis-à-vis PPP, and type of PPP.
This handbook provides institutional investors with an overview of opportunities and risks of investing in renewable energy infrastructure.
Given the pivotal role of public finance agencies in scaling up climate finance, Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) have a major role to play in mainstreaming climate change and in providing finance in an effective, catalytic manner.