This paper reviews the current status of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), hereinafter “the Bank”, intervention on PPP in Brazil, including a stakeholders’ survey on the performance of the Brazilian PPP program.
This report is the product of a roundtable organised by ITF at the OECD and the UK National Infrastructure Commission.
The PFRAM, developed by the IMF and the World Bank, is an analytical tool to assess the potential fiscal costs and risks arising from PPP projects.
The goal of this paper is to estimate the additional annual spending required for meaningful progress on the SDGs in these areas. Our estimates refer to additional spending in 2030, relative to a baseline of current spending to GDP in these sectors.
RAND researchers used a six-step scenario development process to develop two thought-provoking scenarios that address the future of mobility in the US in 2030. Three driving forces caused one path to emerge over another: (1) the price of oil, (2) the development of environmental regulation, and (3) the amount of highway revenues and expenditures.
What might one expect for the future of mobility in China in 2030? Mobility is defined as the ability to travel from one location to another, regardless of mode or purpose. RAND researchers used a six-step scenario development process to develop two thought-provoking scenarios that address this question.