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In 2021, private investment in infrastructure projects in primary markets recovered to its pre-pandemic level but remains stagnant and far shy of what is needed to close the infrastructure investment gap.
In 2021, global green private investment in infrastructure projects in primary markets rose to a record-high share of 60%, but this trend needs to accelerate and expand beyond renewables to meet climate goals.
Green investment in infrastructure outside of renewables is limited. While renewables represent almost 90% of total green private investments in infrastructure projects, green investment in other sectors only represent 14%.
Co-financing provide a supportive enabling environment that minimises risk exposures, catalysing private co-financing for infrastructure in middle- and low-income countries.
The green bond market has seen exponential growth since its inception in 2007. In 2020, green bonds represented 60% of bond issuances for private investment in sustainable, primary infrastructure globally, mostly concentrated in developed regions.
Preliminary evidence shows superior performance for some sustainable infrastructure investments in comparison with other infrastructure sector investments
Private investors have shifted away from non-renewables in both developed and developing markets. The appetite for renewables is stronger in developed markets.
Low private investment in the social, telecommunications, water and waste infrastructure sectors
Private investment in infrastructure is dominated by the energy and transport sectors
Infrastructure project preparation capacity is weak across most regions of the world. It is critical to strengthen these capabilities to address one of the major bottlenecks in attracting private capital to infrastructure, which is the lack of a bankable, investment-ready pipeline of infrastructure projects
For investors seeking to diversify and optimise their portfolios, infrastructure debt and unlisted infrastructure equities are very strong options, according to long-term data
Unlisted infrastructure equities have provided higher risk-adjusted returns to investors than an average global listed equity. With greater recognition of its attractive performance, investors’ demand has increased, and returns have aligned over time with its lower risk or volatility
Infrastructure debt has a highly attractive and resilient risk-return profile for investors. Expected losses are particularly low given high recovery rates in cases of default
Private investment in infrastructure projects in primary markets has been stagnant for seven years running
Private investment in infrastructure projects in primary markets was resilient to COVID-19 pandemic shocks
The discount rate used for project selection varies widely between developed and developing countries, and international institutions from 3% to 15%. The environmental, social and environmental benefits of transformative infrastructure projects are often not comprehensively captured.
carbon emissions in the 44 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Group of Twenty (G20) countries were priced at EUR 30 per tonne of carbon dioxide (CO2), the minimum price level to start triggering meaningful abatement efforts. An increase in effective carbon rates by EUR 10 per tonne CO2 is estimated to reduce emissions by 7.3% on average over time.
Outlook forecasts infrastructure investment needed globally, nationally, and by sector so governments and industry can close the gap between need and planned investment.
This map summarizes information on the connectivity of 67 important South Asian cities concerning infrastructure networks.