Transportation services enable people’s mobility and in turn, their participation in socio-economic activities. Data suggests that vulnerable groups of a society are more likely to use public transit services. Accessible and affordable public transit systems for these groups can help create more inclusive societies.
Some empirical evidence from developed countries sheds light on the degree to which use of public transit differs by gender, household income and ethnicity. The evidence suggests that lower-income households, women and ethnic minorities are relatively more reliant on public transit. This reliance is expected to be even stronger for vulnerable groups in developing countries.