Written by EBRD - Matthew Jordan-Tank, Greg Gebrail, Kjetil Tvedt
23 April 2019

District heating (DH) is the most common form of heating for urban dwellings and businesses in many of the EBRD’s countries of operations (CoOs). This paper looks at the challenges faced by the sector in five participating CoOs: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova and Romania. It outlines policy options to address these challenges and makes recommendations within a policy roadmap. The views of key players in the DH sector from each participating country were incorporated through a series of seminars and targeted communication.

Key operational challenges identified included: insufficient and unpredictable revenues, high operating costs, accumulated bad debt, degraded assets and a lack of metering and control. This paper looks at ways to promote long-term operational and financial sustainability in the district heating (DH) sector.

Publication Date: 06.2017