The study recommends measures and technologies to overcome the existing problems and transform the cities in to modern cities in India with substantially developed urban civic amenities. Capacity building, institution, and legal reforms will also be the component of the project report. After initial discussions with sector officials, a Bank team visited both Amritsar and Ludhiana cities to identify priority service level innovations and institutional challenges that have to be addressed under this Non Technical Assistance for achieving desired transformative change. Currently, water supply is drawn from hundreds of unprotected bore wells across length and breadth of the city - which supply polluted water through an unplanned haphazard network. Utility, fully owned by the municipal corporation, will have operational autonomy to manage water and waste water services, whilst still be accountable to the corporation.
Kyrgyz Republic : Insights on Household Access to Water Supply and Sanitation
The note measures access to water supply and sanitation services in the Kyrgyz Republic. It is representative at the national, rural/urban, and oblast levels. Using survey data we analyze the consumption of water supply and sanitation services at the household level with a focus on access, quality, and expenditures.
Assessing Social Exclusion and Mobility in Brazil
The objective of this study is to was to analyze how processes of social exclusion created barriers to social mobility among the poor in Brazil, the better to identify some policy levers or interventions that could be used to remove those barriers and contribute to more effective poverty alleviation and social inclusion.