This report outlines how energy efficiency and water conservation are important goals in terms of better affordability, expanded access, service delivery and controlling expenses for individuals, also outlines what role regulators and policy makers can play in efficiency improvements.
Quantifying the Economic Spillover Effect for Citywide Fecal Sludge Management Programs
his paper introduces a model describing the full financial realities of FSM projects; a methodology for quantifying the costs, direct effects, economic spillover effects and a toolkit to calculate their net present values and the overall program’s internal rates of return.
Pro-Poor Policy and Regulatory Reform of Water and Energy Supply Services
This brief describes how pro-poor approaches to infrastructure go beyond macro-level efforts at poverty reduction, the breif outlines how they target particular activities and populations in relation to energy and water supply.