This paper is a study of the effect of Brazil's staggered Internet rollout between 2000 and 2014 on municipality employment and wages. The study uses a new, annual data set on Internet availability from the Brazil school census, with the assumption that the share of schools that have Internet access in each municipality reflects the general accessibility of Internet connections. These data are combined with Brazil's rich, matched employer-employee survey, which contains annual occupation and wage earnings information for all formally-employed workers in Brazil across all sectors, including primary, secondary, and tertiary industry groups. Contemporaneous and lagged effects are considered. The analysis finds that increased Internet access has no statistically significant net effect on aggregate employment, and has a negative effect on average wages, with a reduction in measures of wage dispersion. The employment effects are positive and most pronounced in the manufacturing, transport and storage, finance and insurance, and hospitality industry groups.
How is the Internet Changing Labor Market Arrangements? : Evidence from Telecommunications Reforms in Europe
This paper exploits variations in the timing of telecommunications reforms across Europe to analyze the relationship between the rise of alternative work arrangements and the emergence of the Internet, which sectors are most impacted by the internet is also reviewed.
City Development Strategy for Can Tho
This strategy document is a development document for Can Tho. This document outlines the challenges and obstacles to economic development in Can Tho, environmental quality protection, poverty alleviation, human resource development and financial resources. The strategy document also outlines some monitoring and evluation frameworks.