The International Labour Organization (ILO) has promoted employment-intensive public and community works programmes as a major means of job creation and poverty alleviation in developing countries. In addition to the primary objectives of employment generation and the alleviation of poverty, these programmes also pursue objectives relating to the creation of infrastructure and other assets as well as, more generally, the promotion of ILO principles and standards.
Over the years, various studies have been conducted to investigate the socioeconomic impact of different types of interventions. This paper appraises the impact assessment methodologies applied in conducting these studies and draws some general conclusions about immediate, long-term and durable effects of project activities.
Publication Date: 1998